Mirmiranpour H., Shmas Nosrati F., Sobhani S.O. et al.

Effect of Low-Level Laser Irradiation on the Function of Glycated Catalase Hossein

Mirmiranpour1 , Fatemeh Shmas Nosrati2 , Seyed Omid Sobhani2,3, Sina Nazifi Takantape4 , Ahmad Amjadi2*

1 Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center (EMRC), Valiasr Hospital, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran

2 Laser and medical Physics lab, Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Energy Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran 4 Department of Aerospace Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


Introduction: The aim of this work is to evaluate the effect of low-level laser irradiation (LLLI), by lasers with different wavelengths, on glycated catalase enzyme in vitro experimentally. Methods: This is done by measuring the activity and structure properties of glycated catalase enzyme. The structure properties were evaluated with circular dichroism (CD) and fluoroscopy methods. Three continuous wave (CW) lasers in the visible spectrum (λ =450, 530, 638 nm) and a 100-ns pulsed laser in the infrared spectrum (λ =905 nm) were chosen for comparison. For the infrared laser, same effects have been investigated for different energy doses. The effect of photon energy (hυ) at different wavelengths was measured on activity, CD, and fluoroscopy properties of catalase, and compared with the control group (samples without irradiation). The energy intensity of laser should not exceed 0.1 J/cm2 . Experiments were performed on glycated catalase between 2 to 16 weeks after glycation of catalase. The LLLI effect was also investigated on the samples, by comparing the catalase activity, CD and fluoroscopy for different wavelengths. Results: Our results indicated, the decrease in catalase activity as a function of glycation time (weeks) for all samples, and a slight increase on its activity by different laser wavelengths irradiation for any fixed period of glycation time. Finally, the catalase activity has been increased as the laser’s photon energy (hυ) intensified. More specifically, the blue laser (λ =450 nm) had the most and the red laser (λ =638 nm) had the least effect, and the green laser (λ =530 nm) had the medium effect on catalase activity as well. Furthermore, pulsed laser had an additional effect by increasing energy dosage. Conclusion: As we expected in all experiments, an increase in the catalase activity was coincident with a decrease in the catalase fluoroscopy and CD parameters.

Keywords: Catalase activity; Low-level laser irradiation (LLLI); Fluoroscopy